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WHO Disease Outbreak News

WHO disease outbreak news
  1. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Oman
    Disease news outbreak for MERS_CoV in Oman.
  2. Yellow fever – Brazil
    Disease news outbreak for Yellow fever in Brazil.
  3. Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 – Somalia
    Circulation of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) has been confirmed in Somalia. Disease news outbreak for Somalia.
  4. Cholera – Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    From 25 November 2017 through 23 February 2018, 1065 cases including 43 deaths (case fatality rate = 4%) have been reported from 32 out of 35 health zones in Kinshasa province. From 25 November 2017 through 15 February 2018, 177 stool specimens were collected for testing at the Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale (INRB). Out of the total stool specimens, 83 tested positive for Vibrio cholerae, 83 tested negative, and 11 are currently being analysed.
  5. Lassa Fever – Nigeria
    From 1 January through 25 February 2018, 1081 suspected cases and 90 deaths have been reported from 18 states (Anambra, Bauchi, Benue, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekite, Federal Capital Territory, Gombe, Imo, Kogi, Lagos, Nasarawa, Ondo, Osun, Plateau, Rivers, and Taraba). During this period, 317 cases have been classified as confirmed and eight as probable, including 72 deaths (case fatality rate for confirmed and probable cases = 22%). A total of 2845 contacts have been identified in 18 states.
  6. Yellow fever – Brazil
    During the first four weeks of 2018, a rapid increase in the number of confirmed human cases of yellow fever was observed in the states of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Minas Gerais. From 1 July 2017 through 16 February 2018, 464 confirmed human cases of yellow fever have been reported in Brazil, including 154 deaths. Confirmed cases were reported in São Paulo (181 cases, including 53 deaths), Minas Gerais (225 cases, including 76 deaths), and Rio de Janeiro (57 cases, including 24 deaths) states and in the Federal District (1 fatal case). Unlike the previous seasonal period, the current seasonal period has been characterized by more cases reported in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro states along with the occurrence of cases in areas near large cities.
  7. Chikungunya – Mombasa, Kenya
    From mid-December 2017 through 3 February 2018, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Kenya reported 453 cases, including 32 laboratory-confirmed cases and 421 suspected cases, of chikungunya from Mombasa County.
  8. Rift Valley fever – Gambia
    On 3 January 2018, the Ministry of Health (MoH), Senegal notified WHO of a case of Rift Valley fever, a 52-year-old Korean man who was a resident of Gambia. The case was reported from a hospital in Dakar.
  9. Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N4) virus – China
    On 14 February 2018, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of one case of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N4) virus. This is the first human case of avian influenza A(H7N4) infection to be reported worldwide.
  10. Lassa fever – Liberia
    On 9 January 2018, a patient from Guinea with fever, neck pain, body pain and vomiting was admitted to a hospital in Ganta in Nimba County, Liberia. The patient was treated with Ribavirin until her death on 11 January 2018. The patient first experienced symptoms on 29 December 2017. Prior to hospitalization in Liberia, she sought medical care at a health facility in Diécké in N'Zérékore Region, Guinea where she was treated for typhoid and malaria.
  11. Cholera – Mozambique
    On 27 October 2017, the Ministry of Health in Mozambique notified WHO of an outbreak of cholera. From 14 August 2017 through 11 February 2018, 1799 cases and one death (case fatality rate = 0.06%) of cholera were reported from the two provinces; Nampula (1580 cases) and Cabo Delgado (219 cases). Underreporting of the number of cases and deaths is likely. This outbreak has been confirmed by Rapid Diagnostic Tests and culture.
  12. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia
    Between 9 December 2017 and 17 January 2018, the National IHR Focal Point of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reported 20 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including nine deaths. In addition, one death from a previously reported case was reported to WHO.
  13. Yellow fever – Brazil
    Disease news outbreak for yellow fever in Brazil.
  14. Hepatitis E – Namibia
    During the week ending on 13 October 2017, the first identified case was admitted to a public hospital in Windhoek district, with signs and symptoms of hepatitis E. During the week ending on 8 January 2018, a total of 237 probable and confirmed cases have been seen at various health facilities in Windhoek district with the same signs and symptoms. All suspected patients tested negative for hepatitis A, B, and C. A total of 41 of the 237 cases were sent for further testing, and on 8 January 2018, the results showed 21 were IgM positive for hepatitis E. On 19 November 2017, there was one confirmed deceased case, a 26 year-old female, and four days prior to her death she had delivered a baby. The status of the baby is unknown. The majority of the cases were from Windhoek district, Khomas region.
  15. Cholera – United Republic of Tanzania
    Disease news outbreak for Cholera in the United Republic of Tanzania
  16. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Malaysia
    Disease News Outbreak on Middle East coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Malaysia.
  17. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – United Arab Emirates
    On 11 December 2017, the National IHR Focal Point of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reported one additional case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection.

    Detailed information concerning the cases reported can be found in a separate document (see link below).
  18. Yellow fever – Nigeria
    Disease outbreak news for yellow fever in Nigeria
  19. Outbreak of Salmonella Agona infections linked to internationally distributed infant formula – France
    Disease outbreak news for an outbreak of Salmonella Agona infections linked to internationally distributed infant formula in France
  20. Diphtheria – Yemen
    Disease outbreak news for diphtheria in yemen


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